The police ethics system enforces the Code of ethics of Québec police officers, which oversees the conduct of all Québec police officers, wildlife protection officers, special constables, highway controllers and UPAC investigators. It also applies to Québec police officers in the performance of their duties in another province or territory and, according to certain adjustments, to police officers from other provinces or territories who are authorized, by virtue of an authorization granted under the Police Act, to perform their duties in Québec.
The system, governed by the Police Act, is meant to increase the protection of citizens by ensuring respect for individual rights and freedoms. Moreover, it aims to develop, within police services, high standards of services and conscientiousness.
Two civil authorities make up this system: the Commissaire à la déontologie policière, which receives and examines the complaints, and the Comité de déontologie policière, a specialized administrative tribunal.